Kenyan federation of slum dwellers

A project of Nairobi City County

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What is the Mukuru SPA?

Mukuru Special Planning Area process is about collaborative, community-centred planning to transform an informal area of almost 650 acres into a healthy, functioning Nairobi neighbourhood, improving the lives of people who live there.

Mukuru’s challenges are some of the most severe in Nairobi. The SPA does more than provide a legal basis for a slum upgrade. It represents an evolved approach to innovative, large-scale, community-based planning. The local community, County, and around 42 organizations (NGOs, civil society, academia and private sector) are all working together to develop an ‘integrated development plan’ for the area, its 138,000 households, and its businesses and institutions.


Residents: how to participate

The heart of the SPA planning process is the participation of Mukuru’s residents. All residents in the areas under the SPA have a right to participate in the consultation process. You do not need to be part of Muungano. The SPA is under the Nairobi City County and the consultations provide a platform for people to present their issues to their representatives.

The Muungano Alliance has worked with the Mukuru community for over 10 years: its SPA role is to mobilize the community, help organise the consultation process, and coordinate the 42 organisations working together to draw up the plan.


The Community Mobilizer: "I love being challenged”

The Planner: "In a brownfield the community is the client and also the designer"

Mukuru SPA youtube playlist



Where is the process now?

Consultation highlights

More recaps > coming soon


Building the Integrated Development Plan

Around 42 organizations are working with Nairobi City County on the SPA planning process. Their work is organized into 7 thematic consortiums, as well as an 8th consortium responsible for community mobilisation, coordination, and communication.

Each consortium will contribute to the inclusive integrated development plan, by (1) collecting and analysing data on the situation in Mukuru, (2) consulting the community and then (3) developing a range of solutions that encompass the community vision and finance, legal, and spatial dimensions.

The SPA gives the community, County & partner organizations the space to develop innovative & creative planning responses to a unique area with both special challenges & special opportunities.

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